About Children of Bangladesh:

Bangladesh is home to over 170 million people. More than 64 million children make up around 40 per cent of the population.

With a land mass roughly that of New York State, Bangladesh is one of the most densely populated countries in the world, and borders India and Myanmar

Bangladesh is a densely populated country and populations 170 millions. About half of the populations of Bangladesh are under the age of 18 who are considered as children and more than 20 million of them are under the age of 5. About 73% of children live in the rural areas and 27% live in the urban areas. One-third of these children continue to live below the international poverty line. The violation of child rights is a common matter in Bangladesh.

 The children have basic rights to education, balance diet, health and nutrition, protection, participation, recreation, safe water, sanitation, and hygiene.

 In Bangladesh about 30% of the people live in extreme poverty and many Families are quite unable to fulfill the basic needs which compel them to engage their children in risky works. About 22% of the children in Bangladesh are illiterate, 30% know how to signature their names, 36% of the children have primary education and only 10% have secondary education.  Approximately 80% of students enrolled in grade one complete primary school. High drop-out rates due to poverty and poor quality of teaching and learning are serious problems for primary schools. Only 46% of boys and 53% of girls attend secondary school. About 50% of primary and 80% of secondary level students drop out of school in Bangladesh.

 Deprivation of seven human needs such as health, nutrition, education, water, Sanitation, shelter, and information are higher among children living in the income poor families than their counterparts.

Basic Rights of the Children:

Children have basic rights to education, balance diet, health and nutrition, Protection, participation, recreation, safe water, sanitation and hygiene. Unfortunately these rights of children are violated in Bangladesh. The rights of children are violated due  to  poverty,  ignorance,  lack  of  social  consciousness  and  discrimination.  The majority of children are deprived of food, shelter, adequate sanitation, information, and education

** Rights of Food

Bangladesh is  a  developing  country  in  the  world.  About  26%  of  its populations still live below the poverty line (less than $1.00 a day or unable to afford to buy food providing a daily intake of 2,100 kilocalories). 

The Food  and  Agriculture Organization  (FAO)/  World Food  Programme

(WFP) study in mid-2008 expressed that natural disasters and rising food prices had increased the number of poor people by 7.5 million, to a total of 65 million and real household  income had  dropped by 12% and  one in  four  households had  become food  insecure, with female-headed  households hit hardest  (FAO and  WFP  2008). Later the food price decreases but the children who are excluded from school could not return to school due to irregularities in the school.

** Rights of Nutrition 

Well nourished children perform better in school, grow into healthy adults, and can serve the country better than malnourished children. Rural children are more likely to be malnourished than urban children. Undernourished children have lowered resistance to infection and are more likely to die from common childhood diseases, such as diarrhea and acute respiratory infections. In Bangladesh about two-fifth of children  under-5  are  underweight,  and  nearly  half  of  them  suffer  from  chronic malnutrition. A conservative estimate of  the number of under-5  children  suffering from  wasting  (weight-for-height)  in  Bangladesh  is  2.2  million.  More than half  a million of these children are in the severe category of acute malnutrition and face elevated  risks  of  mortality.  Some  children  of  wealthy  families  in  urban  areas  of Bangladesh are over  weighted  because of  taking  excess fibreless  junk  food.  These children are not actually healthy. In real life obesity is a major disease which creates Type 2 diabetes and  cardiac  attack. Iodine  deficiency  disorder (IDD),  the  world’s leading  cause  of  preventable  mental  disability  and  impaired  psychomotor development  in  young  children.  The  vitamin  A  supplementation  programme  for children is a success story in Bangladesh. Vitamin A prevents the children from night blindness 

** Rights of Health

People lacking access to safe water, hygienic sanitation, and hygiene awareness also  lack the  good  health  and  social  resources  needed to  pull  themselves out  of poverty (The United Nations Children’s Fund, UNICEF).